What is music, the basics?

Music in it’s most basic form are notes strung together to make a tune.
In order to make that tune you will need a basic understanding of the notes, where they are on the stave and what they mean.

What is the stave?

The 5 lines are called the Stave, this is where your notes will be placed, depending on where the note is on the stave determines which note is played.
The notes on the Lines are : E,G,B,D,F ( Easy way to remeber Every Good Boy Deserves Fine)
The notes in the spaces are: F,A,C,E

In black is the EGBDF Notes
In red is the FACE notes


So now you can see where on the stave the notes go, these will correspond to the notes on your instrument.

This swirly symbol normally found at the start of the music is whats known as  a Treble Clef :
treble-clefThe Treble Clef looks like the image to the left and indicates the pitch of the written notes.
Normally a Treble Clef will be placed on the second line of the Stave ‘G’.


The Time signature, time signature consists of two numbers one stacked on top of the other.
The upper number indicates how many beats there are in a bar.
The lower number indicates the note value that represents one beat.

Music-Notes-full-symbols  So in this instance it will be 4 notes per bar.
It would go, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1,2,3,4 and so on. The other alternative signatures are 3/4 which would be like a Waltz (123,123…)
A lot of the time you would most probably be looking at the 4/4 time signature.

Ok so what about the different note lengths!

Below is a diagram of the different notes

The Whole note (Semibreve) is the full length of the bar, so if the time signature was 4/4 the the whole note would last, 1,2,3,4
The Half note (Minim)  is, well, half the bar so it would only last for a count of 1,2, you would get two of these in a bar if it was 4/4.
The Quarter note (Crotchet) is a quarter of the bar so you would play one of these for every count, 1,2,3,4 (4 notes)
The Eighth note (Quaver), you would play a note 1 & 2 & 3 & 4 & so these are quite a fastish note as there is 8 in a bar.
The Sixteenth note (Semiquaver), basically 16 notes per bar or four sixteenth notes equal one beat of common time.

Well that about wraps it up for now, please remember we are only covering the basics of music, as you progress you will learn a lot more.